Pinzgauer is a family of high mobility all-terrain four-wheel drive (4x4) and six-wheel drive (6x6) military utility vehicles. They are manufactured in Guildford, Surrey, United Kingdom, by BAE Systems .
The vehicle was originally developed in the late 1960s by Steyr-Daimler-Puch of Graz, Austria, and was named after the Pinzgauer, an Austrian breed of horse. It was popular amongst military buyers, and continued in production throughout the rest of the century.
In 2000 the rights were sold to Automotive Technik Ltd -ATL.
ATL was subsequently acquired by Stewart & Stevenson Services, Inc. in 2005.
ATL -In 2006 it was taken over by Armor Holdings, Inc.
Armor Holdings was a manufacturer of military, law enforcement and personnel safety equipment. It was acquired by BAE Systems on July 31, 2007 and renamed BAE Systems Mobility & Protection Systems. The divisions have been reorganised within BAE Systems Land and Armaments.
BAE Systems plc, who discontinued the UK-production of the Pinzgauer, which was proving to be vulnerable to mines and improvised explosive devices in Afghanistan. Development of the planned Pinzgauer II was moved to a BAE subsidiary in Benoni, Gauteng, South Africa.
The original prototype was developed around 1969 and production began in 1971, as successor of the Steyr-Daimler-Puch Haflinger 700 AP 4x4 light military multi purpose offroad vehicle. The Pinzgauer first generation model (710, 712) was produced until 2000 by Steyr-Daimler-Puch in the city of Graz, Austria. It was, and is in use in many armies around the world like Austria Switzerland, United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, Albania, Bolivia... When Austrian millionaire Mr. Stronach took over the shareholder majority of Steyr-Daimler-Puch offroad vehicles; he gave the right to build the Steyr Pinzgauer to Automotive Technik Ltd ( now BAE ). Today, in the Graz plant, the Mercedes-Benz G Wagon / Puch G offroad vehicles are being built.
The Pinzgauer is one of the most capable all-terrain vehicles ever made. While not as fast (110 kilometres per hour (68 mph)) as the American High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV), it can carry more troops. Even the smaller 710M can carry 10 people or two NATO pallets. Both the 4x4 and 6x6 models can tow 5,000 kilograms (11,023 lb) on road; and 1,500 kilograms (3,307 lb) or 1,800 kilograms (3,968 lb), respectively, off-road. It has a range of over 400 kilometres (249 mi) on one tank of fuel, or nearly 700 kilometres (435 mi) with the optional 125 litre tank. The first generation Pinzgauer is available in both four-wheel drive (4x4) (model 710) and six-wheel drive (6x6) (model 712) versions. The Pinzgauer was designed to be reliable and easy to fix; it is shipped with an air-cooled dual-carburetor petrol engine. (Air-cooled carburetor engines are still in use in many small aircraft due to their reliability. This is partly because air-cooled engines have been around longer, and partly because they are simpler and have fewer parts.) The engine in the Pinzgauer was specifically designed for the vehicle; it has more than one oil pump so that the engine will not get starved of oil no matter how the vehicle is oriented.
It also has a very advanced chassis contributing to its high mobility. The Pinzgauer has a central tube chassis[1] with a transaxle which distributes the weight more evenly, and keeps the centre of gravity as low as possible. The differentials are all sealed units and require minimal additional lubrication. The Pinzgauer also has portal axles like the Unimog to provide extra clearance over obstacles. The 710 4x4 was the more popular variant, but the Pinzgauer was designed to have a very capable 6x6 configuration from the start. The rear suspension on the back of the 6x6 712 is designed to provide maximum traction in the most demanding circumstances along with increasing its towing, load carrying, and off-road abilities.
During production from 1971 until 1985, 18,349 first-generation 710s and 712s were produced and sold to both civilian and government buyers.

Swiss Army 712 AMB
Most prominent, however, was its range of off-road cars , from the two-cylinder Haflinger and the 4x4 or 6x6 Pinzgauer, the Fiat Panda 4x4 (999cc) to the Mercedes-Puch G. SDP was the initial designer and manufacturer of these utility vehicles. The Haflinger was produced from 19591974, the Pinzgauer from 19712000, and the Puch G (also known as Mercedes G-Class) from 1979.
Stewart & Stevenson Acquires Automotive Technik Holdings Limited Manufacturer of the Pinzgauer Light Tactical Vehicle.Stewart & Stevenson Services Inc. (NYSE: SVC) announced today that it has acquired the outstanding shares of Automotive Technik Holdings Limited ("ATL"), the United Kingdom-based manufacturer of the Pinzgauer light utility vehicle, for 25 million British pounds sterling (approximately $47.2 million) in cash and deferred consideration. The Pinzgauer vehicle is generally regarded as the most advanced and mobile light utility vehicle in its class with an installed base of over 30,000 vehicles. ATL began manufacturing the vehicle in the late 1990s in Guildford, England. In addition to the standard 4 X 4 and a 6 X 6 configuration, ATL recently added a new Pinzgauer X-M (X-treme Mobility) model and an armored 6 X 6 variant. ATL has won major contracts in competitive tenders from the UK Ministry of Defence and the New Zealand Ministry of Defence, and is involved in a number of additional programs worldwide. In addition to the Pinzgauer manufacturing operations, ATL has a division that specializes in development, test and applications engineering activities and a specialist equipment fabrication and body building operation. Both the engineering and fabrication units currently support the Pinzgauer manufacturing operations as well as external military and civilian customers. Stewart & Stevenson has designed, manufactured and supported the Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles for the U.S. Army since 1991. The FMTV, which includes 2.5-ton and 5-ton trucks in more than 15 variants, is produced in Stewart & Stevenson's state-of-the-art facilities located in Sealy, Texas.
Steyr-Daimler-Puch was a large manufacturing conglomerate based in Steyr , Austria, which was broken up in stages between 1987 and 2001. The company, initially known as Josef und Franz Werndl and Company was founded in 1864 as a rifle manufacturer. It grew rapidly during the First World War, by the end of which it employed 14,000 people. The company began producing bicycles in 1894, and Steyr automobiles after 1918. In September 1917 Steyr recruited Hans Ledwinka, now remembered as one of the great automobile engineers of the twentieth century, but then relatively unknown, to the position of Chefkonstrukteur, to lead the creation of their automobile manufacturing business.The company changed it name to Steyr-Werke AG in 1924. In 1934, Steyr merged with Austro-DaimlerPuch to form Steyr-Daimler-Puch.During World War II, when Austria was part of the Third Reich, Steyr-Daimler-Puchs Generaldirektor Georg Meindl became one of the first German industrialists to suggest the use of slave labour from concentration camps to boost manpower at Steyr.
It has a 54" wheelbase, a 646cc two-cylinder air-cooled gasoline engine, portal axles for high ground clearance, very good approach and departure angles, a solid gearbox and front and rear differential locks, which means that even if only one wheel is in firm contact with the ground you'll still keep going.
Haflingers were built from 1958 to 1974, and succeeded by the muscular Pinzgauer, very similar but much bigger. Pinzgauers are 4x4s or 6x6s, with a payload of 1.5 tons or more, very tough and very well-engineered, and they can handle virtually any terrain. They have a unique flexible tubular frame which is part of the secret of their agility.
It has a 54" wheelbase, a 646cc two-cylinder air-cooled gasoline engine, portal axles for high ground clearance, very good approach and departure angles, a solid gearbox and front and rear differential locks, which means that even if only one wheel is in firm contact with the ground you'll still keep going.
To the chagrin of Land Rover fans, the British Army's Land Rovers have been replaced by the far more capable Pinzgauers.
Unlike most of our Appropriate Technology vehicle choices, the Pinzgauer is still in full-scale production. In June 2000 production and future design of the Pinzgauer moved from the Steyr-Daimler-Puch plant in Graz, Austria under licence to the United Kingdom under the control of the privately-owned company Automotive Technik, which supplies Pinzgauers to the British and other armed forces and worldwide.
Pinzgauers are a bit smaller and lighter than Unimogs, but just as powerful, faster on the road and at least as capable off it.

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